Recent Faculty Publications

Books, media events, and other recent publications involving members of our faculty reflect the range and diversity of academic perspectives encompassed by the Department of Landscape Architecture.

Little White Houses book cover Little White Houses
How the Postwar Home Constructed Race in America
Dianne Harris
University of Minnesota Press (February 19, 2013)

Dianne Harris examines how postwar media representations associated the ordinary single-family house with middle-class whites to the exclusion of others, creating a powerful and invidious cultural iconography that continues to resonate today. Richly detailed and illustrated, Little White Houses adds a new dimension to our understanding of race in America and the inequalities that persist in the U.S. housing market.

Little White Houses book cover Mad Men, Mad World: Sex, Politics, Style, and the 1960s
Lauren M. E. Goodlad (Editor), Lilya Kaganovsky (Editor), Robert A. Rushing (Editor)
Duke University Press Books (March 11, 2013)

Dianne Harris contributes an essay, "Mad Space," to the edited volume.

Monu issue 15 -- book cover Monu
Fall 2011

An essay by Gale Fulton and Stewart Hicks and arguing for the use of 'Slipstreaming' in the architectural arts is included in the newest volume of Monu (Fall 2011) which focuses on Post-Ideological Urbanism.

Journal of Landscape Architecture -- book cover LA Journal of Landscape Architecture
April-June, 2011, Volume 31

The essay "Towards Landscape Intelligence" by Gale Fulton is included in volume 31 (April-June, 2011) of LA! Journal of Landscape Architecture."

Delhi's Natural Heritage -- book cover Second Suburb: Levittown, Pennsylvania
Dianne Harris, Editor
University of Pittsburgh Press, 2010

"Carved from eight square miles of Bucks County farmland northeast of Philadelphia, Levittown, Pennsylvania, is a symbol of postwar suburbia and the fulfillment of the American dream. Begun in 1952, after the completion of an identically named community on Long Island, the second Levittown soon eclipsed its New York counterpart in scale and ambition, yet it continues to live in the shadow of its better-known sister and has received limited scholarly attention. Bringing together some of the top scholars in architectural history, American studies, and landscape studies, Second Suburb uncovers the unique story of Levittown, Pennsylvania, and its significance to American social, architectural, environmental, and political history." (quoted from the book jacket)
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Delhi's Natural Heritage -- book cover Cabin, Quarter, Plantation: Architecture and Landscape of North American Slavery
Clifton Ellis, Rebecca Ginsburg, Editors
Yale University Press, 2010

This edited collection of new and previously published essays offers a comprehensive examination of the architecture and landscapes of enslavement on plantations and farms.

Delhi's Natural Heritage -- book cover Delhi's Natural Heritage
Amita Sinha, Editor
United States-India Educational Foundation (USIEF) and Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH), 2009

The volume is a collection of papers delivered at a symposium organized by Amita Sinha, Fulbright Scholar in New Delhi with the support of the United States-India Educational Foundation. The symposium brought together ecologists, designers, and planners together with NGOs and state agencies to deliberate and focus attention on Delhi's natural heritage and outline conservation practices. The papers cover the ecology of Ridge and river Yamuna, Mughal gardens, colonial landscapes, urban lakes and wetlands, biodiversity parks, greenways and ecological service areas.

Intangible Heritage Embodied - Book Cover Intangible Heritage Embodied
D. Fairchild Ruggles, Helaine Silverman, Editors
Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

"Archaeological research has long focused on studying tangible artifacts to build a picture of the cultures it examines. Equally important to understanding a culture, however, are the intangible elements that become part of its heritage. In 2003, UNESCO adopted a convention specifically to protect intangible heritage, including the following: oral traditions and expressions, including language; performing arts (such as traditional music, dance, and theater); social practices, rituals, and festive events; knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe; and traditional craftsmanship.

Since this convention was adopted, scholars and preservationists have struggled with how to best approach intangible heritage. This volume specifically focuses on embodied intangible heritage, or the human body as a vehicle for memory, movement, and sound. The contributors to this work examine ritual and artistic movement, theater, music, oral literature, as well as the role of the internet in cultural transmission." - Intangible Heritage Embodied
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Greening Cities Growing Communities - Book Cover Greening Cities Growing Communities: Learning from Seattle's Urban Community Gardens
Jeffrey Hou, Julie M. Johnson, Laura J. Lawson
University of Washington Press, 2009

"Greening Cities, Growing Communities focuses on six community gardens in Seattle where there has been a strong network of knowledge and resources. These case studies reveal the capacity of community gardens to serve larger community issues, such as community food security, urban ecosystem health, demonstration of sustainable gardening and building practices, active living and pedestrian-friendly neighborhoods, and equity concerns. The authors also examine how landscape architects, planners, and allied design professionals can better interact in the making of these unique urban open spaces, and how urban community gardens offer opportunities for professionals to have a more prominent role in community activism and urban sustainability." - Greening Cities, Growing Communities

"Harvard Design Magazine" Cover "Landscapes Within Buildings"

This essay by David Hays is included in the newest volume of Harvard Design Magazine (Fall 2008/Winter 2009, Number 29).

"30-60-90 12:Dimension" Cover "Standard Stoppages"

This essay by David Hays is the featured introduction in the September 2008 issue of 30•60•90 12: Dimension.

Ebru TV--Perspectives on Faith Ebru TV--Perspectives on Faith

D. Fairchild Ruggles was interviewed by Ebru TV's "Perspectives on Faith" program. The hour-long episode was broadcast November 11, 2008.

"Islamic Gardens and Landscapes" Cover Islamic Gardens and Landscapes
D. Fairchild Ruggles
University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008
Winner of the "J. B. Jackson Book Award" from the Foundation for Landscape Studies

Islamic Gardens and Landscapes immerses the reader in the world of the architects of the great gardens of the Islamic world, from the seventh century to the present. Western admirers have long seen the Islamic garden as an earthly reflection of the paradise said to await the faithful. However, such simplification denies the sophistication and diversity of the art form. Islamic gardens began from the practical need to organize the surrounding space of human civilization, tame nature, enhance the earth's yield, and create a legible map on which to distribute natural resources. With thematic chapters followed by an encyclopedia of sites, copiously illustrated with photographs and plans, the book follows the evolution of these early farming efforts to their aristocratic apex in famous formal gardens of the Alhambra in Spain and the Taj Mahal in Agra.
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Final Report on Gulf Hypoxia Cover "Potential of restored and constructed wetlands to reduce nutrient export from agricultural watersheds in the Corn Belt,"
Chapter 3 of Final Report: Gulf Hypoxia and Local Water Quality Concerns Workshop
Co-authored by David Kovacic
American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2008

The Upper Mississippi River Sub-basin Hypoxia Nutrient Committee held a workshop in September 2005 to bring together a distinguished group of researchers to identify the most effective ways to reduce nutrient losses from agricultural land in the Corn Belt. David Kovacic was invited as an expert panelist to develop strategies to reduce pollution loading through the use of constructed wetlands. The goal of the committee was to provide a technically sound and economically viable nutrient reduction strategies. The 14 topic areas cover hydrology and drainage issues, constructed wetlands, buffers, nitrogen and phosphorus factors, erosion control, and various tracking and evaluation tools.
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"Cultural Heritage and Human Rights" Cover Cultural Heritage and Human Rights
Edited by Helaine Silverman and D. Fairchild Ruggles
Springer, 2007

This first volume in the Cultural Heritage in a Globalized World series addresses a deeply political aspect of heritage preservation and management as it relates to human rights. Social and community advocates contend that heritage is necessary for the articulation and preservation of cultural identity. The display of heritage monuments and performance can be a strategy for asserting minority identity in the face of majority pressure as well as a tool for resistance and the expression of difference. Conversely, as recent wartime destruction has shown, the erasure of cultural expressions can be a powerful tool in warfare and political regulation. For these reasons, human rights are a critical issue in heritage studies.
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"Landscape Journal" Cover Design, Planning, and Management of the Land
Landscape Journal Volume 26, Number 1

Guest edited by Dianne Harris
Council of Educators in Landscape Architecture,
The University of Wisconsin Press, 2007

The articles in this special issue of Landscape Journal examine the relationships between the built form of the environment, the social construction of race, and minoritization in the United States. In addition to an introductory essay by Harris, the journal also features articles by Department of Landscape Architecture Faculty members Rebecca Ginsburg and Laura Lawson.

"Native Plants of East Central Illinois" Cover Native Plants and Communities of East Central Illinois:
University of Illinois Source Book
October, 2007

This downloadable sourcebook and Excel spreadsheet combine three prior publications. Included are:

Native Plants at the University of Illinois Campus
by James and Florrie Wescoat with Yung-Ching Lin, Landscape Architecture Department, University of Illinois

Considerations Regarding Landscaping with Natives
by Kenneth R. Robertson, Illinois Natural History Survey

Native Plants of East Central Illinois and Their Preferred Locations
by John Taft, Illinois Natural History Survey.

"Sites Unseen: Landscape and Vision" Cover Sites Unseen: Landscape and Vision
Edited by Dianne Harris and D. Fairchild Ruggles
University of Pittsburgh Press, 2007
Winner of the 2009 Allen G. Noble Award from the Pioneer America Society for "a book that represents the best current scholarship in the field of material culture."

Sites Unseen challenges conventions for viewing and interpreting the landscape, using visual theory to move beyond traditional practices of describing and classifying objects to explore notions of audience and context. While other fields, such as art history and geography, have engaged poststructuralist theory to consider vision and representation, the application of such inquiry to the natural or built environment has lagged behind. This book, by treating landscape as a spatial, psychological, and sensory encounter, aims to bridge this gap, opening a new dialogue for discussing the landscape outside the boundaries of current art criticism and theory. As the contributors reveal, the landscape is a widely adaptable medium that can be employed literally or metaphorically to convey personal or institutional ideologies.

Constructed Wetlands Article Cover "Use of created wetlands to improve water quality in the Midwest--Lake Bloomington case study"
David A. Kovacic, Richard M. Twait, Michael P. Wallace, and Juliane M. Bowling
Ecological Engineering, 2006

This work was produced in collaboration with the city of Bloomington, IL and was supported through grants from the Illinois Water Resources Center and the EPA region 5 (Regional Geographic Initiative Program).

"Landscapes in India: Forms and Meanings" Cover Landscapes in India: Forms and Meanings
Amita Sinha
University Press of Colorado, 2006

Landscapes can be read like languages, as arrangements of symbols that reveal cultural values. South Asian landscapes—rich with formalized symbols, from the Cosmic Tree in sacred groves to cities patterned on mandalas—are expressive of archetypes universal to humankind and externalize deeply felt emotions of social kinship and relationship with the divine. This book explores the interface between nature, culture, and the built landscape by tracing the meaning of archetypal symbols in Indic mythology, ritual space, and contemporary design practice.

Book Cover - "City Bountiful" City Bountiful: A Century of Community Gardening in America
Laura Lawson
University of California Press, 2005

Since the 1890s, providing places for people to garden has been an inventive strategy to improve American urban conditions. There have been vacant-lot gardens, school gardens, Depression-era relief gardens, victory gardens, and community gardens--each representing a consistent impulse to return to gardening during times of social and economic change. In this critical history of community gardening in America, Laura J. Lawson documents the evolution of urban garden programs in the United States. The book focuses on the values associated with gardening, the ebb and flow of campaigns during times of social and economic crisis, organizational strategies of these primarily volunteer campaigns, and the sustainability of current programs.

"Maybeck's Landscapes: Drawing in Nature" Cover Maybeck's Landscapes: Drawing in Nature
Dianne Harris
William Stout, 2005

This book examines Maybeck's ideas about landscape--here taken to include his garden designs as well as his grand landscape schemes for sites such as Twin Peaks in San Francisco. Maybeck produced stunning and at times gigantic pastel drawings, many of which are reproduced here in color.

"306090 07: Landscape within Architecture" Cover
306090 07
Landscape within Architecture

David L. Hays, Editor

306090 07: Landscape within Architecture (Fall 2004) explores the place of landscape within architectural education and its impact on the work of emerging theorists and designers. In recent years, ideas of landscape have assumed an unprecedented importance in discourses about architecture. Architects have turned to landscape in search of new approaches, strategies, practices, and techniques. How have academic programs in architecture addressed the new interests in landscape? How have those initiatives informed the work of students and recent graduates? In what ways have landscape architects been involved?

306090 07 brings together twenty-five essays by thirty-one contributors-administrators, professors, and students-representing twenty-two public and private universities in the United States and Canada. The volume offers a cross-section of contemporary arguments and approaches chosen for their diversity in addressing the common theme.

Support for 306090 07 has been generously provided by the Wadsworth Endowment Grant in the Department of Landscape Architecture, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and the Graham Foundation for Advanced Studies in the Fine Arts.

"The Nature of Authority: Villa Culture, Landscape, and Representation in 18th-Century Lombardy" Cover The Nature of Authority: Villa Culture, Landscape, and Representation in 18th-Century Lombardy
Dianne Harris
Pennsylvania State University Press, 2003

This book presents a view of villa life as it developed during the 18th century on the vast estates dominating the fertile plain around Milan. Then governed from Vienna by a Habsburg regime bent on increased tax revenues, the great landowning families lived lives fraught with tensions and contradictions as they found themselves as colonized. The Nature of Authority employs a uniquely interdisciplinary method to trace the mingling of enlightened reform and a culture of display in the design and functioning of villas and villa life in eighteenth-century Lombardy. Through the examination of diverse forms of evidence, the book reveals how villas served as centers of complex sociopolitical and cultural transactions that fashioned a landscape, which was at once a beguiling vista and a tool in the enforcement of a strict hierarchy of use and value.

"Villas and Gardens in Early Modern Italy and France" Cover Villas and Gardens in Early Modern Italy and France
Edited by Mirka Benes and Dianne Harris
Cambridge University Press, 2001

This edited volume focuses on selected villas and their gardens in France and Italy from the sixteenth through the eighteenth centuries. Essays by Mirka Benes, Dianne Harris, Claudia Lazzaro, Suzanne Butters, Tracy Ehrlich, Elisabeth Blair MacDougall, Sheila ffolliott, Elizabeth Hyde, Chandra Mukerji, Hilary Ballon, and David Hays examine these landscapes within the context of the history, culture, and politics of the time.

"Gardens, Landscape, and Vision in the Palaces of Islamic Spain" Cover Gardens, Landscape, and Vision in the Palaces of Islamic Spain
"Winner of the Eleanor Tufts Award from the American Society for Hispanic Art Historical Studies, and a Millard Meiss Publication grant from the College Art Association."
D. Fairchild Ruggles
Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000

Gardens, Landscape, and Vision is divided into three parts: landscape and agricultural transformation as documented in the medieval Arabic scientific literature and geographies, the typological formation of the garden and its symbolic meaning in the eighth through tenth centuries, and finally the role of vision and framing in the apparatus of sovereignty from Madinat al-Zahra' to the Alhambra.

In a 2002 review, Maria Menocal wrote, " Ruggles' always clear narrative interweaves all the fundamental threads of the historical and political events necessary to fully appreciate the cultural bases of everything that had to do with that dramatic transformation of the Iberian landscape. She seems as at home talking about the changing yields of crop harvests as about the variations in the concepts of paradise as a garden across different cultures and, as a result... she provides a sweeping picture of the 'Natural' world that was so carefully engineered in al-Andalus."

"Women, Patronage, and Self-Representation in Islamic Societies" Cover Women, Patronage, and Self-Representation in Islamic Societies
Edited by D. Fairchild Ruggles
SUNY Press, 2000

The essays in this book examine occasions when Muslim women from the twelfth century to the present took the stance of viewer, writer, performer or patron of art and literature. They explore the means of female empowerment, ascribing it to genealogical ties, the birth of male heirs, financial independence and the right to inheritance mandated by Islamic law, education, celibacy, and voice (which is dependent on the other categories). Some essays explore the limits to female agency in a world where the public social institutions were run by men; others focus on the rise of self-conscious feminism in the modern world and the active participation of women in public discourse and social institutions. The book includes contributions from Ellison Findly, Elizabeth Brown Frierson, Salah M. Hassan, Nancy Micklewright, Leslie Peirce, Kishwar Rizvi, D. Fairchild Ruggles, Yasser Tabbaa, Lucienne Thys-Senocak, and Ethel Sara Wolper.